Bases neuronales de la moralidad humana: Un estado de la cuestión y propuesta teórica para el Derecho.

Aníbal Monasterio Monasterio Astobiza

Resumo


La neurociencia cognitiva moderna es un campo de investigación que se centra en estudiar las bases neuronales de rasgos humanos únicos como la moralidad y la habilidad para tomar decisiones morales. La investigación reciente muestra que un grupo consistente de redes neuronales están implicadas en la cognición moral. En este escrito, realizo una revisión del estado de la cuestión sobre lo que sabemos de las principales áreas cerebrales asociadas con la moralidad. Tras revisar las principales áreas asociadas con la moralidad propongo un modelo de los requisitos necesarios de la conducta moral para ser juzgada como propiamente moral con la introducción de un aparato notacional formal y un protocolo experimental para futuras investigaciones. Finalmente, hablo de las aplicaciones de lo discutido en el Derecho.


Palavras-chave


revisión, neurociencia de la moral, normas, constructivismo jurídico complejo.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17808/des.54.1228

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